عنوان مقاله [English]
The narrations of the Infallibles (AS) are important sources of understanding religion, some of which, unfortunately, have been distorted by enemies and ignorant friends throughout history, and Shiite and Sunni scholars and hadith experts, to prevent the propagate of lies and superstitions in collections of ahadith have studied and identified the hadiths of the subject and have stated the ways of knowing and its instances. Among the scholars who have worked in this field is Allama Amini, who has dedicated about 200 pages of the fifth volume of Al-Ghadir's precious book to this subject. This article deals with forged-hadih studies from the point of view of Allama Amini in the three sections of source, document and content criteria by using the content analysis method and using library resources. Accordingly, one of the most important criteria for a hadith to be fabricated in the sourcebook is to take the hadith from the works of the hadith fabricator, to obtain the hadith from the tale-narrators and not to narrate the hadith in authentic books. The falsity of the original document, the narrator's misrepresentation, the narrator's reputation for immorality, forgery and lies, quoting lie and strange ahadith, the narrator's unpopularity are among the most important criteria for recognizing a fake hadith in the field of the chain of ahadith. The opposition of the content of the hadith with the verses of the Quran, Sunnah, definite history, rational criteria, objective facts, popular opinion, religious beliefs and the conflict of the content of the hadith with the narrator's point of view are among the most important content criteria in recognizing fabricated hadiths.