عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
One of the most important issues that constitutes the fundamental understanding of exegesis is that of the relationship between the Qurʾān and the Sunnah. The way in which the authoritativeness of the Qurʾān and Sunnah is perceived impacts the understanding of the verses and religious teachings in general. Differences in this perception regarding the authority of these two sources leads to varying effects on the thinking of individuals. As a result, different juristic and theological trends and factions come about. One such view is that of the sufficiency of the Qurʾān for religion. The proponents of this view are known as the “Qurʾānists.” The Qurʾānists consider the Qurʾān to be the primary source of divine guidance and they do not give any importance to the Sunnah and [prophetic] traditions.
They believe that the Qurʾān contains everything that we need in our religion and has explicated everything completely. Thus there is no need for the Sunnah in order to understand the religion. Essentially, they argue that everything that has been explained by the Sunnah is already in the Qurʾān. Many critiques against this view have been put forward. Aside from contradicting some verses of the Qurʾān itself, this view also goes against the tradition of ‘the two weighty things’. In addition, the Qurʾān is fundamentally a book that contains only general legal discussions and the explanation of detailed rulings was left to the Noble Prophet (ṣ) himself. In this article, we will look at the main proofs that they present and critically analyze them.